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 History

Siliguri became a sub-division in Darjeeling district exactly Siliguri History a hundred years ago. In 1907 Siliguri was declared a sub-division (Mahakuma) by the British administration. It is really surprising to note the growth of the small town into one of the largest cities in the entire North East of India.

Siliguri District LibraryThe original village of Siliguri was to the south of where we have the Saktigarh Colony today. The area is under Jalpaiguri District and Rajganj police station. It was a small and little village at that time. Much more important was Phansidawa bandor. The government activity was mostly conducted from the area where the Haskhoa Tea Estate is located now.

The land measurement of the area started in 1891. The whole area was covered with deep forest. Naturally there was abundance of Tiger, Leopard, Elephant, variety of Deer, reptiles and birds. One major problem in the Terai area at that time was Malaria – Kalajwar. The names of the different places in the region are significant in this respect. Bagdogra was known for the Bag or the Tiger. Matigara is where one buries the dead. Hatighisha was famous for Hati or the Elephant and so on.
One of the first notable residents of Siliguri was Harsundar Majumdar. He came to Siliguri to act as a lawyer in Phansidawa. Worried about attacks of wild animals at Phansidawa, he came to Siliguri and set up his home opposite to the present location of Siliguri Police Station. This was probably the only two storied concrete building of the town at that time. Harsundar had an adapted son, Harikiram Majumdar. The present district library was originally named Terai Harsundar Library. Today the town does not have much to put reference to one of its founders.


 People

Hundred years ago Siliguri was only a small village with Siliguri People low population busy with agricultural economy. But after the partition of 1947 and the liberation of Bangladesh at 1971 Siliguri became a famous refugee center. Now Siliguri is one of the fastest growing cities in India. Siliguri is facing a high expansion of population.

According to 2001 census, number of residents was 1,220,275. On 2008 the estimated population became 1,559,275. 53% of the total population of Siliguri is male, other 47% is female. The literacy rate of the people of Siliguri is very high. About 70 % of the populations are literate that is even more than the national average literacy rate (59.5%).Surely the males of Siliguri are ahead in literacy rate .There are 75% literate male, along with 65 % literate female.

Siliguri is truly a cosmopolitan city where the Marwari, Bengali, Bihari and Nepali people living happily. Rajbangshi's were the original population of the city Siliguri, decreasing day by day in number. Marwari's, Punjabi's, Bihari's, Gorkha's and Bengali's are now the most prominent communities in Siliguri. the commonly spoken languages are Hindi, Marwari, Bengali and Nepali.

Siliguri is over flowing with massive immigration of people. Most prominent being the illegal immigrants from Bangladesh, Nepal and migrants from Assam. People of other cities are also entering the city of Siliguri with a heavy stream in search of work as their livelihood. These are certainly leading towards an abnormal growth of population.


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